The Borg were a pseudo-species of cybernetic beings, or cyborgs, from the Delta Quadrant. No single individual truly existed within the Borg Collective (with the possible sole exception of the Borg Queen), as all Borg were linked into a hive mind. Their ultimate goal was the attainment of 'perfection' through the forcible assimilation of diverse sentient species, technologies, and knowledge. As a result, the Borg were among the most powerful and feared entities in the galaxy, without really being a true species at all.
The precise origins of the Borg are unclear. As of 1484, they were reported as controlling only a handful of systems in the Delta Quadrant, but by 2373, they had assimilated thousands of worlds. In addition to this stronghold in the Delta Quadrant, the Borg also dispatched vessels throughout the galaxy via transwarp conduits.
A Borg vessel traveled back in time from 2373 in an unsuccessful attack on Earth in 2063. Drones which survived this defeat were discovered and reactivated by Human scientists in 2153, and transmitted a subspace message to Borg space before being destroyed by the Enterprise NX-01.
In 2293, the Federation offered aid to El Aurian refugees fleeing the Borg. However, each of these incidents contributed almost nothing to the Alpha Quadrant's awareness or understanding of the Borg Collective.
By the 2350s, rumors of an alien race called "The Borg" had reached the Alpha Quadrant, inspiring exobiologists Magnus and Erin Hansen to set out in search of them. Their research took them all the way to the Delta Quadrant before they and their daughter Annika were assimilated in 2356. Borg activity in the Alpha Quadrant, including the assimilation of the USS Tombaugh in 2362 and assimilation of outposts along the Romulan Neutral Zone in 2364, were complete mysteries to Starfleet. The Collective's true nature was finally revealed to the Federation in 2365 when Q took the USS Enterprise-D to meet a Borg cube near the J-25 system.
In late 2366, a Borg cube invaded Federation space and assimilated Jean-Luc Picard, whose tactical information contributed, along with the Borg's own vastly superior power, to Starfleet's disastrously one-sided engagement with the cube, the Battle of Wolf 359. A fleet of forty starships assembled to combat the cube. All but one of these ships were destroyed, while the cube remained intact, damaged but healing rapidly. The Enterprise-D recovered Picard and used his connection to the hive-mind to disable the cube before it could attack Earth.
In 2378, a crippling blow was delivered to the Borg when Voyager discovered one of their transwarp hubs and destroyed it, killing the Borg Queen (again) and devastating the Unicomplex in the process. During this battle, the Borg were infected with a neurolytic pathogen, which was carried by Vice Admiral Janeway and designed to disrupt the hive mind, to bring chaos to order. It was this pathogen that killed the Borg Queen, and allowed Voyager to destroy the transwarp hub.
As the Borg represented various species from across the galaxy, they came in many shapes and sizes. Most Borg were humanoid, however, as the Borg always craved perfection, they had even attempted to assimilate beings such as the Undine.
The appearance of any given individual changed drastically after the assimilation process. The individual would lose all of their hair, and their skin would turn to a pale-gray color. On top of that, many artificial implants were installed into the individual's body by the Borg.
The Borg functioned as a Collective, with their thoughts linked and in direct service to the Queen via the hive mind. They were made up of thousands of species and trillions of individuals, referred to as drones.
The Borg showed little concern for anything aside from their goal of assimilating other cultures. They viewed anything contrary to said goal to be irrelevant and futile.
Drones, the workers within the Collective, were not addressed by their original names; rather, they were given designations, such as One of Four or Six of Ten. Even the Queen did not seem to have a name, as she referred to herself as the "One Who Is Many". The Borg used the same designation system for other species as well. For example, the Undine were known to the Borg as Species 8472, and Humans as Species 5618.
The Borg would typically ignore other species unless they were intent on assimilating them, or if the species became a recognizable threat to them.
As the Borg were made up of many species from across the galaxy, their technology was quite advanced. They could adapt to most weapon fire in a matter of seconds, and were quite deadly in a group.
The central hub of the Borg Collective, the Unicomplex, housed billions of drones, and was the residence of the Borg Queen, where she directly controlled the rest of the Borg.
Borg vessels were not equipped with a central bridge or engineering; rather, the ships were controlled by the entire collective of drones onboard, under direction from the Collective. At the center of each Borg ship was the vinculum, which kept the minds of all drones onboard linked.
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Notes and references Edit
- ↑ VOY: "Dragon's Teeth"
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 VOY: "Scorpion"
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 VOY: "Endgame"
- ↑ Star Trek: First Contact
- ↑ ENT: "Regeneration"
- ↑ Star Trek Generations
- ↑ VOY: "The Gift"
- ↑ VOY: "The Raven"
- ↑ VOY: "Dark Frontier"
- ↑ VOY: "Infinite Regress"
- ↑ TNG: "The Neutral Zone"
- ↑ TNG: "Q Who"
- ↑ TNG: "The Best of Both Worlds"
- ↑ TNG: "The Best of Both Worlds, Part II"
- ↑ VOY: "Unimatrix Zero"
- ↑ Star Trek: Federation Legacy – "Line in the Sand"